Engineering and Innovation

What is engineering?

The word engineer is derived from a Latin word ‘ingeniare’ which refers to creating or producing something. The basic definition of engineering can be the process of inventing, analyzing, and constructing machines, systems, structures, and materials to fulfill a goal or target while keeping in mind all the hurdles that are forced by the practical aspects, rules and norms, safety measures, and the expenditure. Engineering is the process of experimenting with the innovative and creative ideas to build something new. Engineering has always been one of the most highly regarded and popular field of study and various students who are unable to attend college but are interested to get into the field of engineering can look for top online engineering degrees as having a degree is must for working as an engineer or getting into the engineering field.

Why study engineering?

Engineering in one way or the other has always been an impeccable part of human civilization as the human beings have always been curious towards inventing or discovering new things for making life easier, from finding ways to light the fire to launching a satellite, all has been possible through engineering and innovative human brains. Engineering has evolved through decades as a means of creating, inventing or constructing new machines or structures to a field of study, research, and innovation. Engineering has evolved into one of the most popular fields of study and a career option for many young children who are aspiring to become engineers and make a difference in the world.

Engineering has been a part of the human civilization since ancient times and has evolved through various decades. There are several reasons for choosing to study engineering which are enlisted below:

  • It is one of the most popular fields of study around the world.
  • Engineering is the field of study where one can implement his/her ideas and creativity to create something new, probably a machine to reduce human effort.
  • The field of engineering can help make a difference in the world.
  • It provides a lot of job opportunities.
  • Engineering is a discipline that never goes out of fashion, so if you are an engineer or are aspiring to be one, you probably can have a long and glorious history.
  • Engineering has a vast field of study as well as a career opportunity.

What are the different fields of study in engineering?

Engineering is a field of study that combines the scientific tools, mathematical techniques, and empirical evidence to innovate, create, and design new structures, machines, and technological solutions to human needs and requirements. Engineering is a field of study which can allow a student to choose one of the various branches of engineering mentioned below:

Mechanical engineering: This is a branch of engineering that is concerned with innovating, creating, designing, and constructing new machines. This is further divided into various sub-branches such as:

  • Aerospace engineering
  • Automotive engineering
  • Biomedical engineering
  • Biomechanical engineering

Civil engineering: This is a field of engineering that is concerned with planning, designing, organizing, and constructing buildings and infrastructures. This is further dived into various sub-branches such as:

  • Structural engineering
  • Architectural engineering

Electrical engineering: This is the field of engineering that allows a student to work in the electronics sector. This is further divided into various sub-branches such as:

  • Computer engineering
  • Electronics engineering
  • Robotics engineering
  • Micro electrical engineering

Chemical Engineering: This is the field of engineering that deals with the chemicals and combines subjects such as chemistry, physics, biology as well as biochemistry. This is further divided into various sub-branches such as:

  • Environmental engineering
  • Agricultural engineering
  • Material science engineering

Geotechnical Engineering; This engineering field combines special disciplines concerning characteristics and structures regarding soil, construction, and practices upon those terrains. It is further divided into various sub-branches such as:

  • Petroleum engineering
  • Nuclear engineering
  • Marine engineering
  • Mining engineering

Aspects of engineering in everyday life

Engineering is a discipline that we use every day in our life, all the machines and technology we use in our everyday routine are a result of excellent engineering. Here are a few examples of the applications of engineering in our daily life:

  • Electricity: The electric supply that we use to power our T.V, Fan, A.C or anything is a product of mechanical engineering
  • Machines such as fans, refrigerator, cars, and bikes are also the result of engineering.
  • Mobile phones and computers also result of engineering.
  • Flyovers, bridges, buildings, and infrastructure also require engineering.

We are living in a world where our life is made easier through excellent engineering and creative minds. There are a lot of other applications of engineering; in fact, almost everything we use and do is a result of engineering.

Career prospects for an engineer

It is a field which has a vast range of opportunities for the students who are willing to pursue an engineering degree. There are lots of students who are confused about which engineering degree will be better for them, so they may look for best degrees available online, for instance, top online science degrees, which will show the students about different types of degree available for that particular field and the students will be able to compare and choose the best degree that suits them. The engineering degrees can help a student to work in various fields such as:

  • Aerospace engineer
  • Electrical engineer
  • Mechanical engineer
  • Biochemical engineer
  • Construction Manager

There are a lot more job and career prospects for the people who are interested in the field of engineering.


Engineering has been the most promising field of study for the humans for a long time and it is because of engineering that we are surrounded by machines which can do a task efficiently and effectively. The field of engineering offers a wide variety of opportunities and platforms for young talents to make a difference in the world.

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