10 things to know to creating Responsive Web Layouts

Web design has evolved much with time. During this time standards and quality practice are come into play that help you design better websites now and for the long term. Here are 10 things you need to know to make website responsive:

Web Design Company in Mumbai

  1. Start with a Grid: when designing a layout, using grid layouts which are fluid is of the greatest importance. If you use them properly, they will proportionately scale and you can get better results. As a starting point try checking grids for three major browser types, which are: 1000 pixels or more for wide screen monitors, or a minimum of 768, 480 to 768, and 320 to 480. To get a feeling for grids and how they can help you, check out bootstrap.
  2. Make sure Everything is Flexible: since there are many options, this can be very advantageous. You can test out many design, text, images, videos etc. until you find something that works.
  3. Use Media Queries: Media queries are relatively easy to use and they can deliver different styles to the various devices through CSS. Media queries make multiple layout easy to support. As for breakpoint, one must test for the following common measurements which include: 320, 480, 768, 900 and 1200 pixels. It is also good to use size adjustments using percentages. This can create more user friendly and responsive screen sizes for various devices.
  4. Clean Design: One thing that will make or break a site is the design. All elements are important and should be considered. Details such as fonts, logos, how the text is displayed, readability, white spaces, etc. are important. If the site experience is poor, users will abandon your site.
  5. Navigation: Along with clean design, navigation is important. The navigation should be constructed of type which is easy to read, of high contrast and the backgrounds should also reflect that. Using few headings is also advisable. Also keep drop down menus to a minimum, because they don’t work well on touch screens and smaller screens.
  6. Responsive Type: when thinking about the type one needs to realize the eye can only handle a certain number of letters and breaks. When creating a website which is responsive you must optimize your type for screen width. Other issues include spacing between letters, above, below and to the side. Spacing above and below is important. If the letters are too close, they could overlap or seem tight in terms of readability. If you have any doubts, test the fonts on each device.
  7. Short Loading times: Short loading times are essential on any device. If your page loads too late you may end up losing customers. Some ways of reducing page load speed is to use clean code, minifying the number of plugins used if it is a CMS and minifying the code, and images that load quickly on each device.
  8. Use Multiple Image Formats: Contrary to what people say one size does not fit all when it comes to images, what that means is using one image and scaling it to fit all screens does not work. At least 3 browser format images need to be created. And when you do this use JPEG images instead of PNG images as they can bloat the size 5-10 times the size. If your image is text or drawing then use GIF, or PNG-8. These file formats will give you the best results.
  9. Effective Security: Good security is essential, hence preventing hackers from breaking into your site and causing havoc. This is less important, however, if you have built a simple site using programs such as Adobe Muse. However, if you have built a website using WordPress, then good security is very important.
  10. Captcha Tests: these are becoming more and more popular to stop people from spamming on their site. Bots can quickly use up the bandwidth. Captcha test stop this from happening. Another way of doing this is to add your email as john AT helpdox DOT com. It is inconvenient for users, thought it will eliminate the spam problem.